Dysgraphia is the difficulty with writing. Students with dysgraphia have a difficult time physically putting their thoughts or writing anything on paper. For many children with dysgraphia, just holding a pencil and organizing letters on a line is difficult. Their handwriting tends to be messy. Many struggle with spelling and other writing tasks—like putting ideas into language that is organized, stored and then retrieved from memory.
In the writing process, the brain normally takes in information through the senses and stores it to use later. Before a person starts writing, he retrieves information from his short- or long-term memory and gets organized to begin writing.
In a person with dysgraphia, it is ﾠbelieved that either he/she misses one of the next two steps in the writing process: organizing information that is stored in memory, or getting words onto paper by handwriting or typing them. As a result, the written work is often hard to read and filled with errors. It also often does not convey what the child knows or what he/she intended to write.
Working memory may also play a role in dysgraphia. A faulty working memory makes it difficult to remember unfamiliar written words, causing the student to have a hard time remembering how to print or write a letter or a word.